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The first permanent European settlement in Alabama was French.
In 1702, Pierre Le Moyne and Baptiste Le Moyne sailed to Dauphin
Island in Mobile Bay and there founded Fort Louis.
Fort Louis became the capital of the French colony known as
In 1763, Great Britain gained control of most of French Louisiana
in the Treaty of Paris.
Mobile came under British control and Northern Alabama was
considered Illinois country.
In 1779, Spain declared war on Britain and gained control of
The Treaty of San Lorenzo placed all of Alabama except the Mobile
area in the United States in 1795.
During the War of 1812, the United States seized the Mobile area
In 1817, Congress organized the Alabama Territory with Tombigbee
River as the capital.
On Dec. 14, 1819, Alabama became the 22nd state.
The state capital changed several times and in 1846, Montgomery
became the permanent state capital of Alabama.
Creek Indians led many raids on settlers moving into Alabama.
U.S. troops fought and defeated them in the Battle of Horseshoe
1839, few Native Americans remained in Alabama.
Cotton became Alabama’s major crop, and along with cotton
plantations came slavery.
Many people of the northern states felt slavery was wrong and
wanted it outlawed.
In 1848, Alabama adopted the “Alabama Platform,” saying that
the federal government did not have the right to prohibit slaves.
Tension continued to grow and on Jan. 11, 1861, Alabama seceded
from the Union.
Alabama invited others to secede and join them.
On Feb. 8th, the Confederate States of America was
established with Montgomery as its capital.
The Civil War had begun.
After the war was over, Alabama was readmitted to the Union on June
New industries were created, farms diminished and many people moved
to the cities.
Iron and steel production became Alabama’s most important
During the 1950s and 1960s, the South experienced serious racial
Segregation kept whites and blacks separate in schools,
restaurants, transportation and parks.
Martin Luther King Jr., led a boycott of busses in Montgomery.
Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give up her seat to a white