Statehood: September 9, 1850, the 31st State.
Total Area: 3rd
among States, 423,970 sq km (163,700 sq mi).
Water Area: 7,498
sq km (2,895 sq mi).
Highest Point: Mount
Whitney 4,418 m (14,494 ft).
Total Population: 1st
2010 census - 37,253,956
Population Density in 2000:
239.1 people per sq mi
Distribution in 2000: 94.4%
Urban, 5.6% Rural.
Gross State Product - $1.94 trillion (2010)
Personal income per Capita - $42,325 (2009)
Largest cities in 2010:
Los Angeles: 3,792,621
San Diego: 1,307,402
San Jose: 945,942
San Francisco: 805,235
In 1542 Spanish explorer Juan
Rodríguez Cabrillo sailed into San Diego
Bay, then continued north along the coast, making frequent trips ashore
to claim land for Spain.
O'Neill National Historic Site, in
Danville, marks the home of the only
Nobel Prize winning playwright from the United States.
California is known variously as
"The Land of Milk & Honey," "The El Dorado
State," "The Golden State," and "The Grape
The hottest day ever in the
United States was when the temperature hit 56.7 (135 F) degrees
Celsius on July 10, 1913 at Death Valley, California.
More turkeys are raised in
California than in any other state in the United States.
Death Valley in southern
California is the lowest point in the United States at 282 feet
below sea level. The highest point in the contiguous 48 states is
also in California: Mount Whitney, which is 14,491 feet above sea
It is estimated that each year
there are approximately 500,000 detectable seismic tremors in
techniques, scientists have determined that Los Angeles, California
is moving east. At a rate estimated to be about one-fifth of an inch
per year, the city is moving closer to the San Gabriel Mountains.
The California Redwoods, Coast
Redwood and Giant Sequoia, are the tallest and largest living
organisms in the world. The General Sherman Tree in Sequoia National
Park, California, is the largest tree in the world. It weighs more
than 6,000 tons.
More immigrants settle in the
state California than in any other state. In 1990, they made up more
than 30 percent of all immigrants to the United States. Most
immigrants settling in California come from Asian-Pacific countries
such as Japan and China.
Dick and Mac McDonald opened the
first McDonald's restaurant in San Bernardino, California.